Historical Gold Price Data
HISTORICAL GOLD PRICE DATA. AUSTRALIAN GOLD LOTIONS
Historical Gold Price Data
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- (Gold Pricing) Fidelity’s deep discount Gold Level pricing can be applied to the accounts of qualifying investors. To qualify, a household (see Relationship Household) must meet either of the following criteria:
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historical gold price data – Historical Mysteries
Money Supply Gone Wild
Specifically, from September 10, 2008 to March 10 of this year, he has increased the nation’s monetary base from $850 billion to $2.1 trillion — an irresponsible, irrational and insane increase of 2.5 times in just 18 months.
It is, by far, the greatest monetary expansion in U.S. history. And you must not underestimate its sweeping historical significance.
How the Fed Is Trashing History
And Threatening Our Nation’s Future
Precisely 217 years and 50 weeks ago, Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton established the dollar as America’s national currency when Congress passed the Coinage Act of 1792.
Since that memorable date, the United States has suffered through one pandemic, two great depressions, 11 major wars, and 44 recessions.
Four U.S. presidents have been assassinated while in office.
Hundreds of thousands of businesses have gone bankrupt; hundreds of millions of Americans have lost their jobs.
In the wake of these disasters, there were, to be sure, monetary and fiscal excesses. But never did the U.S. government resort to extreme abuses of its money-printing power! Never did it make that unforgivable blunder!
Now, all those years of suffering and sacrifice — all that history of leadership and discipline — have been trashed. All for the sake of perpetuating America’s addiction to spending, borrowing, and the wildest speculations of all time.
Louder Voices of Protest
I am not the only one who has shouted this warning from the rooftops. Others, more prominent than I, have also raised their voices in protest …
Thomas Hoenig — president of the Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City and the lone dissenter in last week’s meeting of the Fed’s Open Market Committee — is among the most prominent.
He sees three possible pathways for our nation’s fiscal and monetary policy:
Path #1 — Monetize. The government runs massive deficits and borrows without restraint. At the same time, the Federal Reserve monetizes the debt — finances it by running the nation’s printing presses. This is the path of least resistance for politicians … and of greatest danger to the nation.
Yet, unfortunately, as evidenced by the explosion in the monetary base illustrated above, it’s also the speedway down which the Fed is now racing.
Path #2 — Policy stalemate. As in path #1, the government runs massive deficits and borrows without restraint. But the Federal Reserve refuses to finance it. Instead, the Fed lets the natural supply and demand for debt drive interest rates higher.
Soon, the government finds it is too expensive — or nearly impossible — to borrow. And ultimately, Washington has no choice but to slash spending despite any near-term consequences.
This is what’s happening to many governments around the world right now — not only in Greece, but also in California, Arizona, New Jersey, Massachusetts, plus scores of other state and local governments across the USA. In the final analysis, Washington cannot avoid a similar day of reckoning.
Path #3 — Fiscal discipline. The government takes strong pro-active steps to reduce the deficit. This is, of course, extremely tough politically in the absence of a massive fiscal and financial crisis. But unless pursued promptly and aggressively, the government winds up forced to do it anyhow — albeit with more urgency and greater trauma for the country and its people.
Hoenig explains the choices this way:
"When I was named president of the Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City in 1991, my 85-year old neighbor gave me a 500,000 mark German note. He had been in Germany during its hyperinflation, and told me that in 1921, the note would have bought a house. In 1923, it would not even buy a loaf of bread. He said, ‘I want you to have this note as a reminder. Your duty is to protect the value of the currency.’ That note is framed and hanging in my office.
"Someone recently wrote that I evoked ‘hyperinflation’ for effect. Many say it could never happen here in the U.S. To them I ask, ‘Would anyone have believed three years ago that the Federal Reserve would have $1.25 trillion in mortgage-backed securities on its books today?’ Not likely. So I ask your indulgence in reminding all that the unthinkable becomes possible when the economy is under severe stress.
"If German hyperinflation seems an unrealistic example from the distant past, then let’s come forward in time. Many have noted that in the 1960s, the Federal Reserve’s willingness to accommodate fiscal demands and help finance spending on the Great Society and the Vietnam War contributed to a period of accelerating price increases.
"Although the Federal Reserve was a reluctant participant, it accepted the view that monetary policy should work in the same direction as the Congress and the administration’s goals and
Anders Behring Breivik
Born: 13 February 1979 (1979-02-13)
Other names: Andrew Berwick, Sigurd Jorsalfare (Norwegian Defence League), Andersnordic (World of Warcraft)
Known for: 2011 Norway attacks
Religion: Christianity (Church of Norway)
Anders Behring Breivik (East Norwegian pronunciation: [??n?? ?be??i? ?b????i?k]; born 13 February 1979) is a Norwegian right-wing extremist and the confessed perpetrator of the 2011 Norway attacks on 22 July 2011: the bombing of government buildings in Oslo that resulted in eight deaths, and the mass shooting at a camp of the Workers’ Youth League (AUF) of the Labour Party on the island of Utoya where he killed 69 people, mostly teenagers.
Breivik’s far-right militant ideology is described in a compendium of texts, titled 2083 – A European Declaration of Independence and distributed electronically by Breivik on the day of the attacks under the anglicised pseudonym Andrew Berwick. In it he lays out his worldview, which includes support for varying degrees of cultural conservatism, right-wing populism, ultranationalism, Islamophobia, far-right Zionism, white nationalism, and Serbian paramilitarism. It regards Islam and "cultural Marxism" as the enemy, and argues for the violent annihilation of "Eurabia" and multiculturalism, to preserve a Christian Europe.
Breivik has confessed to what he calls "atrocious but necessary" actions, but denies criminal responsibility. Breivik claimed contact with Norwegian and international far-right political movements, and claims to belong to an international anti-Islam network with two cells in Norway and more in other countries. Police and experts doubt these claims but have not dismissed them completely.
On 25 July 2011, Breivik was charged with "destabilising or destroying basic functions of society" and "creating serious fear in the population", acts of terrorism under the criminal law, and ordered held for eight weeks—the first four in solitary confinement—pending further court proceedings. On 19 August 2011, the court extended his solitary confinement for another four weeks.
Prosecutors are considering charging him with crimes against humanity under a 2008 law.
Early lifeBreivik was born in Oslo on 13 February 1979, the son of Wenche Behring, a nurse, and Jens David Breivik, a Sivilokonom (Norwegian professional title, literally "civil economist"), who worked as a diplomat for the Royal Norwegian Embassy in London and later Paris. He spent the first year of his life in London until his parents divorced when he was one year old. His father, who later married a diplomat, fought for his custody but failed. Breivik lived with his mother and his half sister in the west-end of Oslo and regularly visited his father and stepmother in France, until they divorced when he was 12. His mother also remarried, to a Norwegian Army officer.
Anders Breivik criticised both of his parents for supporting the policies of the Norwegian Labour Party, and his mother for being a moderate feminist. He wrote about his upbringing: "I do not approve of the super-liberal, matriarchal upbringing as it completely lacked discipline and has contributed to feminising me to a certain degree."
Breivik attended Smestad Grammar School, Ris Junior High, Hartvig Nissen High School and Oslo Commerce School. A former classmate has recalled that he was an intelligent student who often took care of people who were bullied. Breivik chose to be confirmed into the Protestant Church of Norway at the age of 15. When he reached adolescence, Breivik’s behaviour became more rebellious and wayward. He and his gang of friends would reportedly spend their evenings hanging around in Oslo, spraying tags and graffiti on buildings. He claims in his compendium that at the age of 15 and 16 he inflicted property damage of approximately € 700,000, including the destruction of 20 high tech ticket systems in a "war" against Oslo Sporveier, the Oslo public transport company at the time.
After he was caught spraying graffiti on walls, his father stopped contact with him at age 16, in 1995. They have not been in contact since then.
AdulthoodBreivik was exempt from conscription to military service in the Norwegian Army and has no military training. The Norwegian Defence Security Department, which conducts the vetting process, say he was deemed "unfit for service" at the mandatory conscript assessment. In 1997, at age 19, he lost 2 million kr. ($369,556) in the stock market.[ At age 21, he had cosmetic surgery performed to reshape his forehead, nose and chin.
After the age of 21, Breivik was in the customer service department of an unnamed company, working with "people from all countries" an
historical gold price data
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